The first refers to ordinary (non-royal) women; the second to unmarried members of the royal family; and the last duksis to married women of royalty.
Such differentiated terminology shows the significance of marital status and of a woman's relationship to the king.
Of the Chinese Li family in Quanzhou, Li Nu, the son of Li Lu, visited Persia in 1376, married a Persian girl, and returned to Quanzhou with her.
Li Nu was the ancestor of the Ming Dynasty reformer Li Chih.
From the tenth to twelfth century, Persian women were to be found in Guangzhou, and in the twelfth century large numbers of Persian women lived there, noted for wearing multiple earrings and "quarrelsome dispositions".
According to their theory, the veil passed from the Achaemenids to the Hellenistic Seleucids.They usually receive high rations of wine and grains exceeding all the other workers in the unit including the males." Pregnant women also received higher rations than others.Women with new-born children also received extra rations for a period of one month.They lived at the court of the royal family of Former Shu in Chengdu (modern day Sichuan). Their family had come to China in 880 and were a wealthy merchant family.Li Hsien dealt with Daoist alchemy, perfumes and drugs.